When the weather gets warmer and the summer months are coming, we should all be more aware of our personal well being. Among the biggest concerns during the summertime are the increased chances of having a heat stroke. A heat stroke is a serious medical condition and it happens when the body temperature increases more than 40.6°C (105.1°F). Excessive heat is the main reason of heat strokes and this condition is also known as a sunstroke. In order to find out more about this medical condition and the best ways to prevent it, read the article below.
The main causes that lead to a heat stroke are not drinking enough fluids in hot conditions and doing any sort of physical activity such as working or exercising in hot weather. Those who are exposed to a higher risk are seniors, babies and children, people with long-term health condition, people that are ill and weakened, and people that develop outdoor activities.
Signs and symptoms
Heat stroke is a condition that may develop over a very short period of time, or over several hours or days. When having a heat stroke, a person may feel the following symptoms:
- tiredness and weakness
- vomiting and nausea
- fast pulse
- decrease in blood pressure
- rapid breathing
As you can see, there are many signs that can announce if either you or a person near you is having a heat stroke.
What to do
Stay out of the heat
Try to avoid getting out in the sun between 11am and 3pm, but in case you have no option, apply sunscreen and wear lightweight and loose clothing. Also, use the sunglasses and a cap and constantly look for places with shade.
Cool yourself down
The best way to prevent a heat stroke is to keep yourself hydrated all the time. Drink 8-10 glasses of water and take a bottle of water with you if you’re living home. Also, you should eat cold foods, such as salads and fruits with a high water content and take a cool shower whenever you feel necessary. Moreover, avoid excess alcohol and caffeine and even if you don’t feel thirsty, try to drink water or eat something refreshing every 20 minutes.
Maintain a cool environment
During the day, keep the windows closed and cover them if they are exposed to direct sun. At night, when the temperatures cool down, open the windows and let the cool air enter the house. You should also turn off the lights and electrical equipment that are not in use, as they generate heat. One of the best solutions is to use a tower fan as it provides a level of comfort and keeps a cool environment. This device creates a wide flow of air and it can be placed anywhere you like so you can feel the cold air. Moreover, if you want an instant little breeze, you can sit in front of it and feel a blast of cold air.